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MARTIN LUTHER

Martin Luther (1483–1546) was a German theologian, an Augustinian monk, and an ecclesiastical reformer whose teachings inspired the Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines and culture of both the Lutheran and Protestant traditions. Luther’s contributions to Western civilization went beyond the life of the Christian Church. Luther’s translations of the Bible helped to develop a standard version of the German language and added several principles to the art of translation. Luther’s hymns inspired the development of congregational singing in Christianity. His marriage to Katharina von Bora began a movement of clerical marriage within many Christian traditions.